Functions Of Sentences

Category: English
Posted on: Sunday, September 17, 2017

Share:

FUNCTIONS SENTENCE
ASSERTIVE  
• Giving information/Reporting The Second Hooghly Bridge was Inaugurated on October 10 in 2014. The English ruled India for about two hundred years.
• Narrating He said that Napoleon died at St. Helens.
• Describing There are rows of trees on both sides of the rods.
• Defining Fables are short tales usually with animal characters in them, but always with a moral.
• Hesitating/Giving opinion not confidently I don’t know what exactly he or she is.
• Classifying Food substances may be classified into two broad groups-organic food and inorganic food.
• Illustrating/Exemplifying Some of the best Science Fiction writers are : H.G. Wells, Jules Verne and Arthur placed him to the high position.
• Stating cause The preparation of butter goes through a number of steps.
• Denying a fact No, I’m all right.
• Asserting a fact Yes, Sir, I am a book binder.
• Expressing obligating I must go home.
• Supposing/Guessing If he comes, he may receive a hearty welcome.
• Comparing He is as cunning as a fox. The ruby shall be redder then a rose.
• Contradicting I don’t worry but I can’t keep form thinking.
• Apologizing/Confessing I beg your pardon, I have hurt your fallings.
• Expressing/ability I can do the sum easily.
• Expressing possibility He may come here today.
• Giving permission You may sit in the parlour.
• Appealing I pray to your kind self for granting me three day’s sick leave.
INTERROFATIVE  
• Asking information/Asking reason/ What is the distance of Delhi from Calcutta?
• Asserting a fact Why dose not want to be free?
• Asking for fact That was really a fun. Wasn’t it?
• Asking for opinion May I have your opinion on the book?
• Asking for permission May I come in sir?
• Requesting Could you please tell me your name?
• Challenging Who dares to defy me?
• Expressing a doubt Who knows when the country will be free from corruption?
• Confirming a doubt The science you have learnt is more of less the result of self-teaching, isn’t it, Mr, Faraday?
IMPEFATIVE  
• Ordering/Commanding Get out at once.
• Requesting Please give me a glass of water.
• Suggesting/Proposing Don’t give up hope, Mr. Faraday.
• Instructing Let’s sit down here and talk the matter over.
• Warning To improve your English read as much as you can.
• Threatening Be quiet of I’ll punish you.
• Permitting Get out or I’ll break down your nose.
• Prohibiting Go wherever you like but come back before evening.
• Reminding Don’t leave the place without permission.
• Reminding Kindly remember the date and time of our meeting.
OPTATIVE  
• Wishing/Desiring Wish you good luck.
• Praying May Allah bless you.
EXCLAMATORY  
• Expressing joy Hurrah! Our club has won the trophy.
• Expressing sorrow Alas! The man is dead.
• Expressing wonder What a nice bird it is!
• Expressing Pity Poor fellow! How changed you are.
• Expressing disgust How shabby the statue is!
• Encouraging Bravo! You have saved a nice goal.
• Greeting Hallo! How nice to meet you after years.
• Farewell Good bye!/ Good night ! Hope we’ll meet you again.

 Giving Information. [Assertive]

Be= নিজে হই বা নিজে আছি/আছে। Have= কারো কিছু আধিকারে আছে। 

I am

 

We are

You are

He is

 

She is

They are

I have

 

We have

You have

He has

 

She has

They have

am a student. We are Student. You have four brother.

 Note : The British English uses both have and have got, but prefers the second.

We have/ have got a cottage in the village.(Possession বা কিছু অধিকারে আছে)

Moreover you can have things to eat, things to drink.

 কিছু খাওয়া, পান করা অর্থেও have হয়।

What do you usually, have for breakfast?

We usually have muri for breakfast.

Do you have lunch at school?

No, we have lunch at home.