Posted on: Monday, September 18, 2017
Leadership style is the general way or pattern of behaviour of a leader towards his followers in order to influence their behaviour to attain a goal.
The main styles of leadership are as follows:-
(1) Autocratic and Authoritarian Leadership: An autocratic leader is one who centralizes power and make all the decisions himself. He tells his followers what to do and expects to be obeyed without questions. Thus, such a leader imposes his will on his followers.
Autocratic leaders may be of two types :-
(i) Pure Autocratic or Negative Leader: He is a director and makes all decisions himself. He superimposes his decisions on his subordinates. He uses fear of punishment or penalty to carry out his decisions. Thus, it is a negative leadership.
(ii) Benevolent Autocrat or Positive Leader : When an autocrat leader avoids negative coercive power and uses reward power to influence his subordinates, he is called a benevolent autocrat leader. Such a leader shows active concern for the feelings and welfare of his subordinates.
(2) Participative/Democrative Leadership: Participative leaders decentralize authority. Such leaders involve subordinates in decision making process. The leaders and their group members work as a social unit. They freely exchange their views and express opinions and suggestions.
(3) Free Rein or Laissez Faire Leadership Style: Such a leader completely delegates his authority to his subordinates and allow them to make their own plans, procedures and decisions. He simply aids his subordinates in performing their job. He exist as a contact person with the subordinates external environment. Free rein leadership style is permissive and leader least intervenes his subordinates. The leader remains passive observer but intervenes only during the crisis. Free rein leadership is suitable where subordinates are highly competent and duty conscious.
(4) Paternalistic Leadership: A paternalistic leadership is authoritarian by nature. It is heavily work centered but has consideration after his subordinates the way father looks after his children. Such a leader helps, guide and encourages his subordinates to work together as member of a family. The subordinate in turn tend to remain submissive and faithful.